Surnames (classified)

On this subpage, we offer insights into the structure of the atlas. The table shows the planned structure and uses examples to illustrate which topics are covered in which atlas section.

Part I: Grammar

  • Graphemics / Phonology
    • Example 1: diphthongized and non-diphthongized writing variants to MHG. î. Weiss, Pfeiffer, Reichen – Wyss, Pfyffer, Richen
    • Example 2: tenues shift /k/ > /x:/ in the inlaut: AckermannAchermann, AmackerAmacher, StarkStarch
  • Morphology
    • Example 1: surnames beginning with Ca- < roman. casa 'house', type Caflisch, Cahenzli, Cajochen
    • Example 2: surnames with weak genitive / ending on -en, type Karlen, Wyssen, Schären
  • Syntax
    • Example 1: phrasal names (univerbation with verbal component), type Nievergelt, Hablützel, Achtnich
    • Example 2: univerbations with prepositions, type Abbühl, Amrein, Imobersteg, Zenzünen

Part II: Lexis and naming motifs

    • Example 1: locational surnames based on slope designations (basic lexemes e.g.: Flueh, Gefälle, Halde, Stalden, Stutz, Rain; Ital., Engad. Costa)
    • Example 2: occupational nicknames based on metalworking trades, type Hammer, Nagel, Kesseli

Part III: Swiss history reflected in surnames

    • Example 1: religious history reflected in patronyms based on saints' names (e.g. Denz, Thöni, Tung, Cantieni and others based on Antonius)
    • Example 2: immigration from Germany and Austria reflected in allochthonous formation patterns (-sen: Jansen, Petersen; -l: Bartl, Dietl, Wachtl)